Discover the 6 main types of leadership and identify yours – WAU
Different types of leadership are essential to deal with different segments in the market. Some need more flexibility, while others need to apply strategies more rigorously. These differences are striking and can be easily identified.
Being at the head of work teams is a challenge for those who occupy this position. It is natural that personal characteristics impact the way this situation is handled, as well as the company’s strategy also influences.
Amid various factors, the different types of leadership are democratic and capable of functioning in different scenarios.
The corporate world makes room for people with different work views and interpersonal relationships to be in the leadership position. This means that there are profiles of various types, some more effective, the other less, but always with very specific work perspectives.
Different markets can also direct this approach, something that needs to be considered!
In this content we will show the main types of leadership, how managers conduct these styles and how they can be effective. See also how to identify your leader profile!
What are the different types of leadership?
Leaders have different types and levels of managerial skills, which impacts the way they handle their positions in different companies. It is natural that there are different management models, and this is what makes a person able to understand the needs of his market and, mainly, of the people he commands.
Some more, others less effective, these leadership directions need to be properly understood, since they are applied in companies of different segments.
Next, check out the main types of leadership that can be observed today, their theoretical bases and what are the characteristics of the manager who fits in each of them.
1. Democratic leadership
Democratic leaderships are directions in which there is greater participation by the team in the decision-making process that the manager needs to deal with constantly.
The basis of this management is precisely to allow all employees to project their work in the direction that the department, or company, will take in sequence.
The importance of this leadership is precisely to value those who make up the process of developing the work implemented. Thus, if the employee who is lower in the hierarchy has a voice in decisions, naturally his work will be more engaged.
This democratic approach makes it possible for everyone to have a voice in the options that the leader places as viable.
This type of manager has greater contact with his team, delegating strategic tasks and better involving all employees. For him, more than results, it is important to develop people and allow them to have a voice, since they participated in the process.
Generally, these leaders place more open decisions so that there is a consensus, which depends on the participation of all.
2. Autocratic leadership
In contrast to democratic leadership, there are those leaders who are not close to their employees and, more than that, do not involve them in the decision-making process.
There are many directions that need to be made in the routine of companies, from the simplest to the strategic ones, but none of them have the participation of employees in the autocratic leadership model.
Basically, it is about the following scheme: the manager defines and the team only has to accept what was requested by those who occupy leadership positions.
This is not the most friendly approach and values integration, so there is always a chance of dissatisfaction. The more democratic the management, the greater the chances for employees to remain engaged and motivated.
In this scenario, it does not appear that leaders are concerned with the professional and personal development of each employee. He makes the decisions he wants, based on his analysis, without deepening the understanding of how these orders will impact employees. This is an approach that is rarely effective!
3. Transactional leadership
Interesting approach, transactional leadership is dedicated to working to stimulate employee performance, stipulating minimum goals for them.
At first, this is well regarded, as it helps with engagement, since the employee knows that he has something in return for his effort. However, don’t stop there: targeting efforts is the main positive point!
When a transactional leader imposes the conditions, it helps employees understand what the starting point of their work should be. This is a way of classifying the relevance of demands and, clearly, applying a strategic effort to what employees deliver.
The most common examples of the application are in marketing teams. With the support of a CRM, for example, it is possible to define a minimum number for the purpose of capturing leads, or sending emails to prospects. If the objective is achieved, these employees are rewarded with a bonus that was defined and informed before a period, such as a quarter.
4. Laissez-Faire leadership
Among the main types of leadership, this is one that deserves the most attention. The name comes from the London, which means something like “let it do”, which indicates how the approach is: employees have more autonomy and few rules to follow.
This leadership is focused on giving the freedom so that the team can work on its terms, and thus achieve good results.
Of course, such leadership is not recommended for any type of company. For creative agencies, for example, greater autonomy can work very well as a stimulus to the work of creative professionals.
Fewer rules and impositions represent greater flexibility and dedication thinking about solutions and concepts that bring what the company seeks in each project.
In practice, these leaders, very common in startups, adopt a business model with few rules with issues such as deadlines and schedules. It is a way of offering peace of mind for employees to achieve their goals without much pressure.
However, it is necessary to know how to balance this relationship, precisely to avoid the stagnation of each one and to guarantee the delivery of demands.
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5. Charismatic leadership
Great business leaders, politicians and important people from different segments have the charismatic leadership proposal as their way of dealing with their subordinates.
The idea is to involve the work team towards goals, however, making them have a specific perspective. For that, the interpersonal relationship needs to be impeccable!
This leadership has a positive influence, so it becomes revolutionary to the way teams viewed their missions within the business strategy.
Leaders of this type are also dedicated to proposing specific values, which are then shared by those who are further down the corporate hierarchical chain.
Charismatic leaders are often inspiring, know how to use the same language as their employees, and are very close to these people.
So, there is a safer transmission of ideas, which positively interferes in this understanding of the values that need to be followed. Charisma inspires one of the most effective types of leadership that can be applied!
6. Strategic leadership
For those who do not want to make mistakes, strategic leadership is one in which the objectives that the company has are projected and how they can be achieved.
Whoever positions himself in this way is always based on results and data, thinking about how they can be optimized and how the work team can be involved in these efforts.
Strategic leaders are ready not only to develop the company, but also dedicate their work to understand how each employee can grow in this process.
In this scenario, the manager must ensure that there is a healthy work environment, with employees aware of their role in the strategy and who work for the development of the company.
Balancing and driving this relationship of interest becomes easier when the leader uses the right tools. SWOT analysis, for example, helps to understand weaknesses, what the company has to advantage and how to protect itself and take advantage of opportunities in the face of these perspectives.
In addition, the strategy is also defined in a responsible manner, preserving all parties.
How to identify your leadership style?
Regardless of whether you are a female or male leader, it is important to know a little more about yourself. Understanding your characteristics can be an interesting way to develop your profile better, choose a management path or simply improve your performance.
Next, see how to do an efficient self-analysis and understand how your profile fits into the different types of leadership you’ve seen in this content!
Assess your interpersonal relationship
A good leader needs to know how to deal with the different personalities and professional characteristics of employees. If you have a good relationship with them and like to hear their perceptions about decisions, this can be positive.
Whoever has these characteristics is ready to be a charismatic, democratic and fair leader in the strategic approach.
Observe your level of flexibility
Respecting limits, flexible leaders know how to deal with the needs of each professional, considering the segment and the demands of the job. This ensures that you are successful in managing work teams.
Otherwise, your profile may come close to autocratic leadership. Flexibility also means more autonomy for the employee, as in the Laissez-Faire model.
Understand how you deal with goals
Goals are always important, but balance is needed when putting them ahead of the way your employees will work. While prioritizing these results, it is necessary to know how to provide the conditions that your team needs.
If you can balance these factors and still go after development, you certainly have a strategic profile!
Different types of leadership are seen in various areas of work, some working better than others. It is up to each manager to understand what the demands of his segment are and, therefore, apply a profile that is ideal considering the interests of the company and the employee.
Do you want to study a little more about the subject? Check out the best books on leadership!