do you know the differences between these technologies? – WAU

Hardware and software are terms used to represent the structures and functions of devices linked to ICT (Information and Communication Technologies).

At various times in your daily life you use hardware and software, often without even realizing it.

Whenever you connect to a social network, make calls from your cell phone or watch a movie on your computer, you come in contact with different hardware and software. But what are they and what is the difference between them?

Next, you’ll learn about its features and how they complement each other so you can enjoy your games and applications!

In this article you will discover:

What is hardware?

The hardware it’s all the physical part of a computer – everything you can see and touch. In general, they are divided into two groups:

  • basic hardware: they are all fundamental and indispensable elements for the operation of the machine, like hard disk or RAM, for example;
  • complementary hardware: as the name suggests, the complementary hardware groups together elements that are not essential for the operation of the equipment and that perform specific additional tasks, such as printers and flash drives, for example.

What is software?

The software is what allows communication between the equipment and the user. Hardware and software are inseparable and complementary, two sides of the same coin.

The hardware is like an empty and inanimate body and what we call software is the entire digital part, that is, the commands and instructions processed by the computer. They are divided into:

  • system software: includes the operating system, device drivers and system utilities;
  • application software: these are the programs you use to perform a specific task, such as word processors or applications;
  • programming software: digital tools used to create programs or develop existing programs.

What are the main examples of hardware and software?

To better understand what we’ve seen so far, let’s look at some examples of hardware and software below.

Hardware examples

  • CPU: responsible for processing all information that enters the equipment;
  • keyboard: allows you to enter information on the machine and coordinate its operation;
  • printer: it is peripheral hardware that receives information from the computer and, based on that information, performs a certain task.

Software examples

  • Windows: it is the Microsoft operating system;
  • Mozilla Firefox: it is a browser, it allows the user to access websites, make downloads etc;
  • Adobe Photoshop: It is one of the most used image editing programs in the world.

It is impossible to imagine the direction of future technological advances and innovations, but hardware and software will certainly continue to be the fundamental basis of any development in this direction.

While one provides all the physical support the other deals with the language of the machine and provides the necessary instructions for the tasks to be carried out efficiently.

If you are interested in knowing more about this fascinating universe, read also our post on Marketing Information System!