Guest article : This article was written by the team at BeauxThèmes, a library of website themes. If you want to create a custom web application, you may be hesitating between Bootstrap and Material UI. They are two quite different frameworks. Everyone has their qualities. How to choose ? This article should help you in your choice.

It is known to all players in the web development sphere: That the Material UI and Bootstrap tools are powerful web technologies, which are used for the design of solid and sumptuous responsive web applications. And to facilitate and accelerate the realization of these applications, basic models are offered by their community.

If the former is only three years old, and the latter is fast approaching its tenth anniversary, both provide huge benefits and features. So much so that we wonder, which of the two to use for the design of its webapps.

The rest of the article, in addition to shedding light on this situation, makes a detailed comparison of the two tools.

Let’s start with some presentations

Bootstrap is an Open Source library released in August 2011. It was developed by experts from the Twitter firm, engineers Marc OTTO and Jacob THORNTON.

This great content gives you more information, it tells you the full story of the library. Bootstrap is a very popular front-end library that is used to design responsive web applications.

Here is a brief overview of its popularity:

Out of ten websites taken on the web, at least seven websites have integrated it.

That’s not all.

You will find it at the heart of powerful applications like: Twitter (obviously! It belongs to them), PayPal, AirBnB, Dropbox, etc.

A much larger list of web giants who use Bootstrap is offered in this article.

Material UI is a component library designed on the principles of Google Material Design in 2017 by a small team of developers very passionate about their profession.

If you are wondering, what is Material Design, here is a brief explanation:

Material Design is a design guide developed by Google to help designers understand why its elements appear and react as they do.

And above all to give designers the means to be able to reproduce their work.

The Material UI founding team drew on the principles of Material Design and Facebook’s React library to create their work.

Two responsive design technologies

Bootstrap has a powerful, very flexible grid system designed using the flexbox, it is a system that allows applications to be adapted to any medium: Desktops, Tablet or mobile.

This system works on the basis of containers, rows and columns.

A row can nest twelve columns, and only the columns are able to receive content.

Click here to learn more about the Bootstrap grid system.

Bootstrap is a mobile-oriented library, it allows you to offer essential content on small media, and once you go to large screens to display secondary content.

Material Design also allows you to design applications that fit perfectly and automatically to any device.

It is based on a grid of twelve flexible columns, with a fixed value for the margins separating the contents.

More information on the Material UI grid system on this page.

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Bootstrap & Material UI: What are the underlying technologies?

In the field of technological dependence, Material UI wins over Bootstrap but, things will balance out in the days to come, you will understand why in the following.

Material UI, as mentioned above, it is a component library based on React.

They can be used independently of each other, and they do not require any other library to operate.

What makes it light apps that are based on it load quickly and have no concern for performance.

As for Bootstrap, it depends a lot on the Jquery library.

Several of these components cannot function without Jquery (popup, carousel, popover, etc.).

But the maintenance team at the library has announced that the next release (Bootstrap 5) due out in 2020 will no longer depend on Jquery.

The community is impatiently awaiting this exit, because it is exasperated by this situation.

Another exasperating thing.

Bootstrap comes with a multitude of features, many scripts, many components that must be loaded every time even if they are not all used in the app.

What plays on the performance of the application, it is sometimes slow to load.

All these unused elements weigh down the application, this is why it makes sense to use Bootstrap from its servers in its applications.

Is it possible / interesting to combine Bootstrap and Material UI?

No, you don’t need it.

Given the benefits of these two tools, there are many who are looking for ways to reap the benefits of both.

Some have looked into this and developed solutions which they have called Material Design Bootstrap (mdbootstrap).

These are libraries designed using Bootstrap and other libraries based on the principles of Material Design.

They have a large community that offers tutorials, beautiful templates that you can customize to design your website.

Go to the mdbootstrap official site to get to know their bookstores and also have more information.

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Comparison

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