PING is a diagnostic tool that tests the connection between two nodes or devices on a network. PING, verifies whether a network data packet can be delivered to an error-free address. It also determines the network accessibility of a particular IP address and is used to determine whether a host a user is trying to reach is actually working. Ping It is often used to check for errors the network has and it also simply means “to get attention” or “to check existence”.
In 1983, Mike Muuss created the PING tool. It had about a thousand lines of code and became the standard packaged tool for various network applications and operating systems. This tool was inspired by a statement by David Mills on the use of ICMP echo packets for IP network diagnosis and measurements. Mike Muus derived the name of this tool from the sound produced by the sonar because its methodology is similar to that of sonar echolocation.
What is Ping? What Does It Do?
PING offers two main goals, which are checking if the host is available and measuring how long the response will take. The PING command is one of the most widely used of the various command line interfaces. PING consists of a single package that provides an echo request. If the host is available, it will respond with a single packet.
Time measurement for PING is measured in milliseconds; this refers to the time the packet reaches the host and the response returns to the sender.
The steps for what usually happens when you ping a machine can be summarized as follows:
▷ An ICMP to destination by source The (Internet Control Message Protocol) echo request message will be sent.
▷ PING program, echo-request messages it will set a sequence identifier to increment with each.
▷ PING, your message send time to data partadds.
▷ If the host computer is running and responding, a ICMP echo reply message sends.
▷ The arrival time of the reply message will be noted with PING, it also uses the send time in the message part and calculates the round trip time.
▷ Increases the sequence identifier and sends a new echo request message. This continues for the number of PING requests specified by the user or the program is terminated.
When the IP datagram leaves the source node, a round trip will be calculated by paying attention to the local time of the source node clock, and then subtracted from the time the echo response was received. The PING tool will display various error messages when a roundtrip is not completed successfully:
◆ Unknown server: This determines that IP address or hostnames or destination hostname not found on the network cannot be resolved.
◆ Destination host cannot be reached: This determines that the target node is down or not running on the network. This can happen because there is no local or remote route for the target host.
◆ Request timed out: This determines when the PING command times out because there is no response from the host. It also determines that no echo response messages were received due to network traffic, address resolution protocol request packet filtering, or a router error.
Internet Network Diagnostic Tests
The PING command can be used to perform a few useful internet network diagnostic tests, such as:
► Domain IP address: PING can be used to probe a domain name or IP address. Displays a corresponding IP address in the response.
► Time and distance: The PING command can be used to determine how long it takes to return a packet from another site that tells the user the internet distance in terms of network.
► Introduction: PING can be used to check whether the user can reach another computing device. If a user cannot PING other sites but possible, this indicates that the internet network is working but the site is not working. However, if a user is not really able to PING any site, this indicates that the entire network connection has been dropped due to a bad connection.
How Much Internet Ping Time Should Be?
The following are considered a good ping response time:
➽ <30 ms - ideal for excellent ping and online play.
➽ 30 to 50 ms – average ping and still good for online games.
➽ 50 to 100 ms – slightly slow ping time and this affects online games.
➽ 100 to 500 ms – slow ping and only minimal impact on web browsing, but creates noticeable lag in online games.
➽ 500 ms – pings of half a second or longer add a noticeable delay to all requests.
The PING utility output differs depending on the operating system. However, almost all PING outputs display the following:
✓ Destination IP address
✓ ICMP sequence number
✓ Time to live (TTL)
✓ Round trip time
✓ Load size
✓ Number of packets lost during transmission.
Most ping programs send multiple pings and offer the average of the pings at the end.
What is Ping-Delay?
Latency is often the result of high ping and / or low speed internet connection. It is where the game plays your commands with a delay. For example, you press the W key to move through CS Source, but your character doesn’t actually move until a second later. Sometimes the lag can be increased, so the game apparently freezes for a few minutes, then suddenly catches up with all your inputs in one go or completely tears you out of the game. Players can experience lag for many reasons, the most important of which is the high ping, where your commands are sent to the game with delay. Sometimes the problem is caused by unstable connections where your device will periodically disconnect and reconnect to the internet, this is called packet loss and occurs when the information you send to the server in packets is not received. This could be due to an overcrowded server, poor security, or internet connection drops.
Ways to Improve Ping: How to Reduce Ping?
Check your ping. Most games can measure and display your full ping to the server you are playing on. If you want to know what your ping is before playing, there are many online test sites available. Some ping test sites:
To improve ping time:
★ Close unnecessary programs.
★ When using a wireless connection, make sure your computer is not too far from the router or use a range extender to increase the strength of the connection. The closer to the router, the better.
★ You can change your connection to wired.
★ Check if someone else is on the same network as you and if they are using a ‘web-heavy’ service such as YouTube, Netflix, Twitch streaming platforms. If you have a low speed internet connection, avoid playing online with other users at the same time.
★ If possible, you can connect super fast (fiber) internet.
★ Your game client must be the latest version.
★ Contact your internet service provider to find out if there is a reported problem in your area.
A good ping is extremely important to successful online gaming. Since lower ping represents the time to receive an echo from the server you are connecting to: lower ping = better considered. Ping typically milliseconds and there are several tools available online that can help you determine your ping. An ideal ping, especially for competitive online games Below 50ms it will be any number. An average ping is considered between 50 ms – 150 ms. This is generally an acceptable feature and will allow you to play enough games on most game servers. Reducing your ping to the lowest possible number of milliseconds should be your main goal. This will improve your overall experience and significantly reduce server problems.